AskDefine | Define yolk

The Collaborative Dictionary

Yolk \Yolk\ (y[=o]lk or y[=o]k; 277), n. [OE. yolke, yelke, [yogh]olke, [yogh]elke, AS. geoloca, geoleca, fr. geolu yellow. See Yellow.] [Written also yelk.] [1913 Webster]
The yellow part of an egg; the vitellus. [1913 Webster]
(Zool.) An oily secretion which naturally covers the wool of sheep. [1913 Webster] Yolk cord (Zool.), a slender cord or duct which connects the yolk glands with the egg chambers in certain insects, as in the aphids. Yolk gland (Zool.), a special organ which secretes the yolk of the eggs in many turbellarians, and in some other invertebrates. See Illust. of Hermaphrodite in Appendix. Yolk sack (Anat.), the umbilical vesicle. See under Unbilical. [1913 Webster]

Word Net

yolk n : nutritive material of an ovum stored for the nutrition of an embryo (especially the yellow mass of a bird or reptile egg) [syn: vitellus]
see yolks

English

Alternative spellings

Pronunciation

  • italbrac RP: /jəʊk/
  • italbrac US: /joʊk/ or /joʊlk/

Homophones

Noun

  1. The yellow, spherical part of an egg that is surrounded by the white albumen, and serves as nutriment for the growing young.
    To make meringue, you have to separate the white from the yolk.

Translations

yellow of egg
distinguish yoke An egg yolk is the part of an egg which serves as the food source for the developing embryo inside. Prior to fertilization the yolk together with the germinal disc is a single cell. Mammalian embryos live off their yolk until they implant on the wall of the uterus. The egg yolk is suspended in the egg white (known more formally as albumen or ovalbumin) by one or two spiral bands of tissue called the chalazae.
As a food, yolks are a major source of vitamins and minerals. They contain all of the egg's fat and cholesterol, and almost half of the protein.
If left intact while cooking fried eggs, the yellow yolk surrounded by a flat blob of egg white creates the distinctive sunny-side up form of the food. Mixing the two components together before frying results in the pale yellow form found in omelettes and scrambled eggs.

Uses

Composition of chicken egg yolk

The yolk makes up about 33% of the liquid weight of the egg; it contains approximately 60 calories, three times the caloric content of the egg white.
All of the fat soluble vitamins, (A, D, E and K) are found in the egg yolk. Egg yolks are one of the few foods naturally containing vitamin D.
The composition (by weight) of the most prevalent fatty acids in egg yolk is typically as follows:
Egg yolk is a source of lecithin, an emulsifier.
A large yolk contains more than two-thirds of the recommended daily limit of 300mg of cholesterol,which is rather a lot.
The yellow color is caused by lutein and zeaxanthin, which are yellow or orange carotenoids known as xanthophylls.

Double Egg yolk

Double Yolkers appear when ovulation occurs too rapidly, or when one yolk somehow gets "lost" and is joined by the next yolk. Double yolkers may be by a pullet whose productive cycle is not yet well synchronized. They're occasionally laid by a heavy-breed hen, often as an inherited trait.

No yolk eggs

No-yolkers are called "dwarf", "wind" [or, more commonly, "fart"] eggs. Such an egg is most often a pullet's first effort, produced before her laying mechanism is fully geared up. In a mature hen, a wind egg is unlikely, but can occur if a bit of reproductive tissue breaks away, stimulating the egg producing glands to treat it like a yolk and wrap it in albumen, membranes and a shell as it travels through the egg tube. You can tell this has occurred if, instead of a yolk, the egg contains a small particle of grayish tissue. In the old days, no yolkers were called "cock" eggs. Since they contained no yolk and therefore can't hatch, our forebears believed they were laid by roosters. This type of egg occurs in many varieties of fowl. They have been found in chickens, both standard and bantams, guineas and Coturnix Quail (about the size of a small marble).
These are also the Eggs the turn rotten (green inside) after the hen has laid the eggs and all eggs have hatched.They are mouldy.

External links

yolk in Danish: Æggeblomme
yolk in German: Dotter
yolk in Spanish: Yema de huevo
yolk in Esperanto: Ovoflavo
yolk in French: Jaune d'œuf
yolk in Indonesian: Telur
yolk in Italian: Tuorlo
yolk in Hebrew: חלמון
yolk in Dutch: Eierdooier
yolk in Japanese: 卵黄
yolk in Portuguese: gema
yolk in Polish: Żółtko
yolk in Russian: Желток
yolk in Serbian: Жуманце
yolk in Swedish: Äggula
yolk in Vlaams: Eierdorre
yolk in Chinese: 蛋黃
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